Pigment International

THE CLINICAL PICTURE
Year
: 2020  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 61--62

Rain drop pigmentation in chronic arsenic poisoning


Anupam Das1, Anand Toshniwal2, Kunal Majumdar3 
1 Department of Dermatology, KPC Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Aesthetic Aura Skin & Hair Clinic, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, KPC Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Anupam Das
Building “PRERANA”, 19, Phoolbagan, Kolkata 700086, West Bengal
India

Contamination of ground water with arsenic is a problem being faced by over 30 countries in the world, since a few decades. Arsenicosis is a multisystem disorder characterised by cutaneous, gastrointestinal, urological and hematological manifestations. The WHO defines arsenicosis as a chronic health condition arising from prolonged ingestion (not less than 6 months) of arsenic above a safe dose, usually manifested by characteristic skin lesions, with or without involvement of internal organs. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 0.01mg/ml. Cutaneous lesions are the earliest manifestations characterised by mottled pigmentation of covered areas of body called as rain drop pigmentation, blotchy mucosal pigmentation, depigmentation, palmoplantar pitting and keratosis.[1] Cutaneous malignancies which can be caused by arsenicosis include bowens disease, squamous cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma and melanoma.[2] It can also cause ischemic heart disease, hepatosplenomegaly, black foot disease and internal malignancies. [3]


How to cite this article:
Das A, Toshniwal A, Majumdar K. Rain drop pigmentation in chronic arsenic poisoning.Pigment Int 2020;7:61-62


How to cite this URL:
Das A, Toshniwal A, Majumdar K. Rain drop pigmentation in chronic arsenic poisoning. Pigment Int [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Aug 3 ];7:61-62
Available from: https://www.pigmentinternational.com/article.asp?issn=2349-5847;year=2020;volume=7;issue=1;spage=61;epage=62;aulast=Das;type=0