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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-33

Quality-of-life and psychosocial impact of vitiligo in Indian patients

1 Department of Dermatology, BMCRI, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Dermatology, Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Psychiatry, BMCRI, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Kavya Manjunath
Department of Dermatology, OPD No. 13, Skin Opd, Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya, Bengaluru, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2349-5847.159392

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Background: Vitiligo is a chronic pigmentary disorder affecting about 0.5-1% of the population. Although the disease is not life-threatening, it considerably influences the patient's quality-of-life (QoL) and psychological well-being. Aims: The aim was to assess the impact of clinical and sociodemographic variables that affect the generic and dermatological health-related QoL in vitiligo patients. Methods: The prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from February 2012 to February 2013 in the dermatology outpatient department of Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute. A total of 300 vitiligo patients and 300 healthy controls, who were matched on sociodemographic data, completed two questionnaires (general health questionnaire 28 items [GHQ-28] and Dermatologic Life Quality Index). Patients with higher scores in GHQ were further assessed for psychiatric illness by using mini international neuropsychiatric interview 5 questionnaire. SPSS statistical package was used for the analysis of the data. Results: The prevalence of psychiatric morbidity was 21.7% (65 patients). Female patients with vitiligo, patches on exposed parts of the body, longer duration of disease and past treatment history had an adverse impact on QoL. Conclusion: Our study concludes that QoL impairment and psychiatric morbidity is high in vitiligo patients. Hence, along with the medical intervention, it is important to assess the psychological and sociocultural aspects of the disease for better management of these patients.

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