Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Archives Instructions Submit article Search Subscribe Contacts Login 
  • Users Online: 92
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-27

Acral melanosis


Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Shimona Garg
Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Government Medical College and Hospital, Sector 32 B, Chandigarh
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/Pigmentinternational.Pigmentinternational_

Rights and Permissions

The term “acral” means the distal portions of the limbs (hand, foot) and the head (ears, nose). The term acral melanosis is loosely applied to an increase in melanin pigmentation, in a diffuse, reticulate, or focal pattern over the distal parts of the arms and legs. There are various causes of acral pigmentation varying from genetic to acquired, benign to malignant, autoimmune to infectious, drug-induced, nutritional deficiencies, postinflammatory, and even exogenous reasons. The pigmentation may be occurring in isolation or associated with various systemic features. An earlier age of the onset of pigmentation, a positive family history, and a reticulate or mottled pattern usually point to a genetic cause. The diffuse pattern of pigmentation is usually seen in racial, endocrine diseases, and nutritional deficiencies. Postinflammatory acral pigmentation may follow both infectious and autoimmune diseases and may even be drug induced. A correct diagnosis is important to decide on the management which varies from reassurance and counseling to active treatment. This review paper is an attempt to classify acral pigmentation based on its diverse etiological causes.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed354    
    Printed22    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded60    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal